6th Grade: Complete and submit work on Google Classroom by the end of the day
Good morning, Scholars! I hope you all had a wonderful Memorial Day Weekend. Remember that Memorial Day is an important remembrance of the sacrifice of the brave men and women of the United States military.
I CAN: DESCRIBE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE WRITINGS OF ABOLITIONIST FREDERICK DOUGLASS.
FOCUS QUESTION: WHAT ADJECTIVE WOULD YOU CHOOSE TO DESCRIBE THE ABOLITIONISTS OF THE 1800s? EXPLAIN. PUT THE ANSWER TO THIS QUESTION ON THE STREAM PAGE!!
We ended last week by discussing the bravery of abolitionists like William Lloyd Garrison, Sojourner Truth, and Harriet Tubman. They faced faced intense hostility from those in the South (and the North) that fought to protect slavery.
Today we are going to analyze an excerpt from the autobiography (a primary source) of the great American hero and abolitionist, Frederick Douglass. Douglass was born a slave and risked his own safety by not only teaching himself to read and write, but also escaping to the North. It is an incredible American story. Frederick gives much insight into the hardships and brutality of his life as a slave, before escaping to freedom.
EXIT QUESTION: IN WHAT WAYS DO YOU THINK FREDERICK WAS AN INSPIRATION TO MANY IN THE 1800s AND EVEN NOW--IN 2020? EXPLAIN WITH DETAILS.
I Can: Foster an understanding of the Vietnam War
From 1964-1972, the wealthiest and most powerful nation in the history of the world made a maximum military effort , with everything short of atomic bombs , to defeat a nationalist revolutionary movement in a tiny, peasant country and failed.
The U.S. turns out as the big loser in Vietnam, and the history books must reveal this.
This was the longest war the United States fought in the 20th century, and it also became the most unpopular. It resulted in nearly 60,000 American deaths and in an estimated two million Vietnamese deaths.
It was the first clear defeat to the global American empire formed after World War II. The defeat was administered by revolutionary peasants abroad, and by an astonishing movement of protest at home.
By the end of the Vietnam war, 7 million tons of bombs were dropped on Vietnam, more than twice the total bombs dropped on Europe and Asia in World War II
HUMAN BEINGS PREAILED OVER TECHNOLOGY
The whole Vietnamese people, animated by a common purpose, are determined to fight to the bitter end
• A Revolutionary Movement led by a Communist named Ho Chi Minh Sought independence from Colonial French rule.
• One day in June 1963, a Buddhist monk sat down in the public square in Saigon and set himself afire as a protest to the South Vietnamese Diem regime's discriminatory Buddhist laws. He hope to show that to fight all form of oppression, a sacrifice must be made.
• Vietnam was split in two between Communist North Vietnam, led by Ho Chi Minh, and Democratic South Vietnam, led by Ngo Dinh Diem until his assassination in 1963
• Minh and the Vietcong from the north invaded the south in an attempt to unify the country as a Communist state.
• Ho Chi MInh issues a Declaration of Independence. It borrowed from the American Declaration of Independence, and began: "All men are created equal. They are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; among them are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." Just as the Americans in 1776 had listed their grievances against the English king, the Vietnamese listed their complaints against French rule.
• The United States reacted in line with the philosophy of the Truman Doctrine of Communist Containment and carried out an escalating series of military measures to keep the South Democratic.
• August 1964, President Johnson used a murky set of evidence in the gulf of Tonkin, off the coast of North Vietnam, to launch full scale war.
The Greatest Antiwar Movement the Nation had ever Experienced
• By early 1968, the cruelty of the war began touching the conscience of many Americans.
• Lyndon Johnson escalated the war and failed to win it.
• Poisonous sprays were dropped by planes to destroy trees - Vietnamese mothers reported birth defects
• Muhammad Ali refuses to serve
• First sign of opposition came out of the Civil Rights movement. The experience of black people with the government led them to distrust any claim that it was fighting for freedom
• Sometimes to be silent is to lie
• The climax Protest came in the spring of 1970 when President Nixon ordered the invasion of Cambodia. At Kent State University in Ohio, on May 4, when students gathered to demonstrate against the war, National Guardsmen forced into the crowd. Four students were killed.
Ho Chi Minh (Prime Minister North Vietnam) - THE VOICE OF VIETNAMESE INDEPENDENCE
• Capable of mounting effective resistance over either the Japanese or the French
• Ho was the only Vietnamese wartime leader with a national following
• Assured himself wider appeal after overthrowing the Japanese in 1945
• Established the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
• For a few weeks in September 1945, Vietnam was for the first time and only time in its modern history free of foreign domination, and united from north to south under Ho Chi Minh
• Viet -Cong units have the recuperative powers of the phoenix
• Viet-Cong units amazing ability to maintain morale far exceeded the democratic forces
• Stop Communism in Asia
• Adhere to the "Domino Theory", that like a row of dominos, if one country fell to Communism it would create a ripple effect.
• The United States quickly established South Vietnam as an American sphere. Set up Government in Saigon (South Vietnam)
• Southeast Asia attractive and appealing due to rich natural resources. This is not the language that was used by President Kennedy in his explanations to the American public. He talked of Communism and freedom.
Read and annotate Ho Chi Minh’s Letter to Johnson:
1. Select the three most important points.
2. Select the single most important point in the letter
3. Explain why that point stood out above the others.